List of the captains of the two companies

List established by Jean de Jaurgain

First Company

I. Jean de Bérard, chevalier, Marquis of Montalet, in 1622 (creation of the company).

II. Hercule-Louis de Bérard de Montalet Vestric, , the former’s nephew, 1627. He was mortally wounded at Castelnaudary in 1632.

III. Jean de Vieilchastel, lord of Montalet, of Saint-Hilaire, of Frety, of Mardilly, of Savigny, etc, master (mâitre d’hôtel) of the king’s house and gentleman of his chambers, appointed in 1632. He resigned in October 1634 and was made governor of the Duchy of Bar.

IV. Jean Arnaud du Peyrer, alias Armand-Jean de Peyré, count of Troisvilles (better known as the Count of Tréville), 1634-1646 (dissolution of the first company).

V. Philippe Julien Mancini Mazarin, Duke of Nevers and Donzy, chevalier of the King’s Orders, governor-general of Nivernais province, lieutenant-captain if the 1st company from 1657 to 1667, when he resigned in favor of Monsieur d’Artagnan.

VI. Charles de Batz Castelmore, Count d’Artagnan, 1667-1673. In two roles in the 1st company, from 10th August and 19th November 1668, which begins: “The King, captain, Charles of Castelmore, the Seigneur d’Artagnan, lieutenant, the Seigneur de la Rivière, sub-lieutenant, Seigneur de Jauvelle, ensign, Seigneur de Maupertuis, standard-bearer”. We remark, among the musketeers: Seigneur de Saint-Martin, Seigneur de la Plagne, Seigneur de Vignolles, Seigneur d’Artagnan, Seigneur de Labadie, Seigneur de Sainte-Colombe, another Seigneur de la Plagne, Seigneur de Lavardac, Seigneur des Bordes, etc., all kinsmen or allies of d’Artagnan or fellow Gascons.

VII. Louis de Forbin, called the bailiff Forbin, was major of the king’s body guard when the king named him lieutenant-captain of the 1st company. He was also general-lieutenant of the king’s armies. He died in 1684.

VIII. Louis de Melun, Marquis of Maupertuis, cavalry captain, admitted into the musketeers as chief sergeant, 7th November 1661. He was successively standard-bearer, ensign and sub-lieutenant of the 1st company, camp master in 1674, corporal of the king’s armies in 1678, lieutenant-captain of the 1st company of musketeers the 13th May 1684, governor of Saint Quentin in 1686, camp sergeant in 1693, Grand Cross of Saint Louis in 1706. He resigned as lieutenant-captain in 1716 and died 18th May 1721.

IX. Joseph de Montesquiou, Count d’Artagnan, lieutenant-captain of the 1st company by commission 18th February 1716, had already been general-lieutenant since 23rd December 1702. He became chevalier of the Orders on 3rd June 1727. The king had him don the [musketeer’s] tunic in 1668. In 1673, he participated in the assault on the demilune, in which his cousin Charles de Batz d’Artagnan was killed. In 1684, the king made him standard-bearer of the musketeers, with the rank of camp master in the light cavalry, for a commission of 45,000 pounds.

X. Louis de Bannes, Count of Avejan, was captain of the French Guards when he bought the commission of sub-lieutenant in the 1st company on 1st April 1716. Named lieutenant-captain the 4th January 1729, upon the death of d’Artagnan, he was also general-lieutenant of the king’s armies.

XI. Pierre-Joseph Chapelle, Marquis of Jumilhac, sub-lieutenant of the 1st company, succeeded the Count of Avejan in 1736 and was general-lieutenant and governor of Philippeville.

XII.  François de Portalès, then Count of Chèze, lieutenant of grenadiers in the French Guards, was named second standard-bearer of the 1st company of musketeers the 10th May 1741, with the rank of camp master, corporal of the king’s armies the 20th March 1747, first cornette the 5th May 1750, second ensign the 8th October 1751, first ensign the 7th July 1754, second sub-lieutenant the 13th June 1756, camp sergeant the 1st February 1759, first sub-lieutenant the following 7th October and general-lieutenant the 25th July 1762. He was lieutenant-captain at the time of the dissolution of the musketeers in 1776.

Second Company

I. M. de Marsac, captain of Cardinal Mazarin’s musketeers, kept command of this company when His Eminence handed the company over to the king in 1660, and remained so until his dismissal in 1665.

II. Edouard-François Colbert, Count of Maulévrier, chevalier of the King’s Orders, general-lieutenant of the king’s armies and governor of Tournai, younger brother of the Grand Colbert, was named lieutenant-captain of the 2nd company upon its creation, the 9th January 1665.

III. François, Count of Montberon, chevalier of the King’s Orders and general-lieutenant of his armies, was made sub-lieutenant of this company the 27th January 1665 and was given the commission of lieutenant-captain the 20th April 1672, upon the resignation of the Count Maulévrier. He died the 16th of March 1708.

1V. Henri de  Hautfaye, Marquis of Jauvelle, was cavalry camp master when he was named sub-lieutenant of the 2nd company the 6th March 1672. At the siege of Maastricht, in 1673, he led his musketeers under the standard that the enemy had taken from them during a raid and that he had retaken. He was named lieutenant-captain the 2nd May 1674, upon the resignation of Count Montberon, and became general-lieutenant the 24th August 1688. He died 1st June 1692.

V. Jean de Garde d’Agoult, Marquis of Vins, cavalry camp master, sub-lieutenant of the company from 3rd May 1671, was named corporal of the king’s armies, camp sergeant, lieutenant-captain of the 2nd company the 1st June 1692 and general-lieutenant the 30th March 1693. He resigned his command of the musketeers in June 1716 and retired from public life until his death the 9th February 1732.

VI. Jean de Montboissier-Beaufort-Canillac, Count of Canillac, lieutenant-captain the 30th June 1716, general-lieutenant and chevalier of the Orders in 1724, died in Paris the 10th April 1724.

VII. Philippe-Claude de Montboissier-Beaufort-Canillac, Marquis of Montboissier, corporal of the king’s armies, named lieutenant-captain the 11th April 1729, brigadier the 20th February 1734 and then lieutenant general, resigned his command of the company in 1754.

VIII. Joseph-Yves-Thibault-Hyacinthe, Marquis of Rivière, lieutenant-captain in 1754. He resigned in 1766.

IX. Philippe-Claude de Montboissier-Beaufort-Canillac, Count of Montboissier, succeeded the Marquis of Rivière in 1766 and held the commission of lieutenant-captain until 1776. He was also chevalier of the Orders, general-lieutenant and governor of Bellegarde.